Ecuador is a small country located in the northwest of South America just right onto the Equator, that’s how it got its name and it is one of the most culturally and environmentally diverse countries in the world. It is normal to travel in just one day through the 3 regions of because of its small size. You can recognize the wonders and all the diversity of the Amazon, go across the Andes observing at their magnificent volcanoes, and finally go down to the coast to enjoy beautiful beaches in the Pacific.
Ecuador has been a major contributor to history research as the first scientific expedition for the measurement of Earth’s circumference directed by the French Charles-Marie de La Condamine. Also a great importance to science by having contributed to the studies of evolution, geography and ecology by the naturalist scientists Charles Darwin and Alexander von Humbolt.
The Capital of Ecuador is Quito, World Cultural Heritage, and winner for the fifth consecutive year of the award for best tourist destination in South America. This is due to its best preserved historic center in Latin America, combined with its diverse cuisine and high-level cultural attractions.
Economically, Ecuador´s currency is the US dollar since 2000 and it became notorious in tourism for the Galapagos Islands and the natural and cultural diversity which is very attractive for tourism. Besides it is recognized too for exporting Panama hats they were ship from Ecuador to Panamá and they got the name because the workers at the Panama Canal used to wear them for its construction in order to avoid the heavy sun, and also they were worn by the traveling gold seekers in the 18th century. Ecuador is known as well for the massive oil exportations, and agricultural products such as cacao, banana, and flowers. The two centers of population and commerce are Guayaquil that has the most important port in the country and Quito the capital.
Ecuador borders the north with Colombia, the east and south with Peru and the west with the Pacific Ocean including the Galapagos Islands. The Country shares its territory on three important areas of the region, first the Pacific Ocean at the west of the country as well as the Galapagos Islands, part of the Andes region of the continent in the center and part of the Amazon area on the continent on the east that’s why Ecuador is into four sections as describe above, one is the Andes with to chains, at the west and at the east; the coast, the Amazon, and the Galapagos Islands are also known as The Archipelago Colón located about 1000 km away from the continent.
In the Andes, there are more than 20 mountains over 13,779 ft. (4,200 m) over sea level and most of them are located on the east part of the chain. There are also more than 30 volcanic nature mountains some of them active ones that if you get lucky you will be able to spot them in their eruptive process. From the Andes are also born the most important rivers of the country that are flowing towards the Amazon River or the Pacific Ocean depending on their location, the most important are Babahoyo, Daule, Guayas, Esmeraldas, Chira, Napo, Coca, Pastaza, Putumayo y Curaray.
The Ecuadorian Amazon is a wonder of the world because is the most bio-diverse ecosystems that’s why you will find here some important National Parks such as Yasuní National Park, and Natural Reserves of global interests like Cuyabeno due to the great amount of flora and fauna species and the ecological importance that has been providing to the world all of these years, and been the main natural source of water, air, and amazing wildlife for the planet, motivating the travelers to get to know this magic land with many indigenous cultures with ancient knowledge about nature and how you can benefit from it without causing any damage, with ancient medicine and rituals performed by the shaman a respected member of the community.
The Amazon covers more than a quarter part of the country due to is extended in 6 of the 22 provinces in the country the same that is covered principally by the tropical rainforest that starts at 400 meters above the sea level. This area has become an area of great interest for the government because just right under the surface there is a major natural gas and petroleum reserve, this has threatened the well-being of a big part of the region for all the damage that caused all the exploitation affecting mainly to the environment including all the wildlife and the indigenous communities that live in these areas. Our expertise in the area will ensure your safety during your visit and an unforgettable experience filled with activities or just relaxing in this one of a kind place in the earth.
Discover the magnificent Andes and its many peaks in the volcanic chain throughout the country, the fabulous Andean wilderness and marvelous landscapes. The Ecuadorian Andes involves more than 30 volcanoes which some of them are still active and go over the 5000 meters above sea level. The best experiences in Ecuador’s Andes are by exploring the wilderness by mountain bike ride in some of the volcanoes such as Cotopaxi, an active volcano with 5897 meters above sea level with unforgettable trails. Hike around Cuicocha Crater Lake admiring the sky reflect on the water. There are some other formations on the Andes and those are the paramo, that looks like a dessert in the highlands but in reality, it is a place where contains lots of water below the surface and it’s the source of water for some cities in the highlands. Here you can find the most known Andean species as the condor, spectacled bears, llamas, deer, vicuñas, many different species of hummingbirds, and some many multicolored flowers as orchids and roses. Down in the highlands, valleys are many fields that look like puzzles spreading in the valley, these fields are of wheat, potatoes, corn, barley and quinoa crops. Learn about the colorful festivals and remote life in the small Andean villages full of history and traditions with countless landscapes and unique experiences.
The Ecuadorian coast is known for the beautiful sunny temperate water beaches all year long. It has 2000 kilometers of coastline with many landscapes and a rich culture. The Spondylus Route named after the Spondylus shell used by the ancient coastal pre-colonial communities as money to buy different goods, it is the route that goes bordering most of the country’s coastline through the seaside provinces from the northern Ecuador to northern Peru. The Ecuadorian beaches are a combination of many qualities such as gorgeous white sandy beaches with full of life seaside with many recreational events, whale – watching and snorkeling, and many wonderful green mangroves forests. Something amazing of the coast traditions is the delicious food like typical cebiche and some other exquisite dishes that are a mixture of seafood with traditional typical ingredients such as the plantain and peanuts and some other making amazing combinations with delicious results. You can still spot in the small villages the emblematic fishermen and their life, you will see them working early in the morning fishing and then relaxing the rest of the day in their seaside hammocks. The Coast in Ecuador is very important for the economy of the country due to it is the supplier of the seafood, bananas, cacao and some other products for the whole country and also for exporting, here you will find as well the place where are made the Panama Hats in Montecristi located in Manabí province, and also Puerto Lopez, the access to La Plata island where you will get a little preview of the Galapagos Islands.
Ecuador’s climate is diverse since its established directly by the altitude, which means with more altitude less temperature as you will notice in the Highlands min 50 max 64 ºF (min 10 – max 18 ºC) and with less altitude, higher temperatures such as the lowlands (the Coastal region and the Amazon region) with some humid areas at the tropical Pacific coastal areas min 72 max 86 ºF (min22 – max 30 ºC), and because it is located right in the Equator there is just a small variation in daylight hours all year long, as well as the distribution of the seasons, the rainy and the dry seasons. Being the rainy season the longest since October through May, and the dry season starting in June until September.
The population in Ecuador go around the 16.39 millions of people and it has different ethnic distribution with most of them mestizos with 65%, indigenous 25%, afro-descendants 3%, others 7%. The percentage of indigenous people represent more than 14 groups each with their own traditions. The main religion is the Roman Catholic covering the 95% of the habitants and is part of the traditions and national identity influencing on social and personal behavior, this religion is so important in Ecuadorian idiosyncrasy that most of their holidays are established by Catholic bases with a mixture of traditional beliefs and the type of government is Republic.
The official main language in Ecuador is Spanish, spoken by the majority of the Ecuadorians, followed by Quichwa a pre-colonial language with nine varieties spoken not only by some indigenous groups in Ecuador but some indigenous groups in the rest of the region. Also, there are 22 different dialects in the country such as Tetete, Tsafiqui, Cha`palaachi, Achuar – Shiwiar, Cofán, Siona, Shuar, Secoya, Waorani, Cuaiquer.